These nodes are for sending and receiving MIDI notes and other MIDI messages (MIDI events).

A MIDI input device (such as a keyboard, controller, or sequencer) can send MIDI messages to the Receive MIDI Events node, allowing the device to control the composition.

A MIDI output device (such as a synthesizer, sequencer, or stage lighting equipment) can receive MIDI messages from the Send MIDI Events node, allowing the composition to control the device.

Each MIDI device has a unique ID, which is assigned by the operating system. If all devices were plugged in after the computer started up, then ID 0 is usually the first device plugged in, ID 1 is usually the second device plugged in, etc.

Each MIDI device has a name, which is not necessarily unique. On Mac OS X, you can look up a device’s name in the Audio MIDI Setup application.

A MIDI note message often represents a musical note. It includes:

A MIDI controller message often represents a musical effect (volume, panning, filter cutoff, sustain, etc.). A controller message can be sent by a control on a MIDI device (knob, fader, pedal, etc.). It includes:

A MIDI pitch bend message often represents a change in the relative pitch of all notes on a certain MIDI channel. Its value ranges from 0 to 16,383, with 8,192 being the center point (no pitch change). The pitch bend range varies per device and configuration, but often the full range covers a whole tone (value 0 is 2 semitones down, value 16,383 is 2 semitones up).

MIDI note, controller, and pitch bend messages also include:

You can send MIDI messages between two Vuo compositions, one with a Send MIDI Event node and the other with a Receive MIDI Events node. For this to work, you need to set up a MIDI device that supports both input and output. The compositions will communicate through this device. On Mac OS X, you can set up the device like this: open the Audio MIDI Setup application and go to the MIDI window, double-click on the IAC driver, and check the box for “Device is online”. Then run the compositions.

Example compositions: